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Turtle & Conservation Vocabulary
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Turtle & Conservation Vocabulary

Level 1 Vocabulary

1. Sea turtle http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/turtles/ Air breathing reptiles that live in the ocean and are able to spend hours under the water. There are 7 species of sea turtles, and all are endangered.

2. Species http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/species A grouping of animals or plants that are the same kind.

3. Reptile http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/reptile Cold-blooded, air-breathing animal with a back bone such as turtles, snakes, lizards, and alligators.

4. Hatchling http://www.wordreference.com/definition/
hatchling
   A recently hatched baby sea turtle or other animal. See hatchlings on You Tube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CyN8Betuad8

5. Survival http://www.merriam-webster.com/
dictionary/survival
Continuing to live.

6. Habitat http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/habitat The type of area/environment in which a kind of animal normally lives.

7. Clutch http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clutch_(eggs) A nest or batch of eggs.

 8. Endangered Species http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/endangered%20species A type of animal or plant in danger of becoming extinct, mostly through human actions.

9. Extinct http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/extinct A type of animal or plant that no longer exists such as a dinosaur.

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Level 2 Vocabulary

1. Caruncle http://www.wordreference.com/definition/Caruncle Sea turtle hatchling’s temporary egg tooth.

2. Migration http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/Migration To move from one area to another, often for reasons such as feeding. For example, sea turtles often travel thousands of miles across an ocean.

3. Flipper http://www.m-w.com/cgi-bin/
dictionary?book=Dictionary&va=flipper
    A broad flat limb (as of a sea turtle, seal or whale) used for swimming.

4. Threatened http://www.merriam-webster.com/
cgi-bin/dictionary?book=Dictionary&va=threatened
A species at risk of becoming endangered. 

5. Turtle Excluder Devices  (TED’s) http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/turtles/teds.htm  A device used in the fishing industry that helps sea turtles escape from shrimp trawling nets.

6. Carapace http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/carapace Hard outer covering or upper part of turtle shell. Click here to see diagrams: http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b194/chenpn/
chenpndotcom/identification1.gif
of carapace, scutes and prefrontal scales.

7. Conservation http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/c/
co/conservation.html
    Protection of wildlife and natural resources.

8. Biology The science of living things.

9. Natal Beach http://www.euroturtle.org/faq.htm#1 The beach where a sea turtle hatched and returns to lay its eggs.

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Level 3 Vocabulary

1. Pelagic http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/pelagic  Living in the open ocean.

2. Ecosystem http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/e/
ec/ecosystem.html
An ecological community of living things interacting with their environment especially under natural conditions.

3. Scute http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/
index.php/Scutes
   A bony plate or scale, as on the shell of a turtle.

4. Arribada http://www.turtles.org/glossary.htm#arribada  Spanish word for arrival: A mass-nesting event of the Olive Ridley and Kemp’s Ridley sea turtle.
                                   
5. Biodiversity http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/b/
bi/biodiversity.html
Many different types of plants and animals: biological variety.

6. Herbivore Animal that feeds on plant-life.

7. By-catch http://www.oceanconservancy.org/site/
PageServer?pagename=issues_bycatch
Marine life that is caught and often killed because of wasteful fishing practices.

8. Omnivorous http://www.m-w.com/
cgi-bin/dictionary?book=Dictionary&va=omnivorous
Feeding on both
 animal and vegetable substances.

9. Taxonomy http://www.seaworld.org/infobooks/
SeaTurtle/stclass.html
  The study of general principles of scientific classification of animals and plants.

10. Plastron http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/Plastron The underbelly part of a turtle or tortoise shell.

11. Prefrontal Scales   http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b194/chenpn/chenpndotcom/
identification1.gif
  Scales on the head of sea turtles in the area of the eyes.  Click here to see diagrams: http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b194/chenpn/chenpndotcom/
identification1.gif
of carapace, scutes and prefrontal scales.

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Level 4: Turtle Species Vocabulary

1. Green Turtle http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/turtles/
green.htm
Largest of all the hard-shelled turtles and is
 herbivorous (eating only plant life) as an adult. Principle cause of their decline is the harvesting of their eggs and meat.  

2. Leatherback Turtle http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/turtles/
leatherback.htm

Largest living turtle and are the largest living reptile in the world. They are the only one with a leathery soft shell, and
 have the longest migration record of 12,774 miles. Leatherbacks face a high risk of extinction See a Leatherback
 laying her eggs on You Tube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cO_TBZgm1zY&NR=1.

3. Loggerhead Sea Turtle http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/turtles/
loggerhead.htm
A sea turtle named for its large head. Adelita, a loggerhead, is featured in a PBS movie: Voyage of the Lonely Turtle. She migrated 9,000 miles from Mexico to Japan. 

4. Hawksbill Sea Turtle http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/turtles/
hawksbill.htm
Named for its narrow head and hawk-like beak.  Their survival is threatened due to the loss of coral reefs in the ocean and a demand for their beautiful shell.

5. Kemp’s Ridley Sea Turtle http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/turtles/kempsridley.htm  Smallest of the sea turtles
 and one of the most seriously endangered

6. Olive Ridley Sea Turtle http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/turtles/
oliveridley.htm
  Known for nesting in large
 groups called an arribada. Although the most abundant of sea turtles, they are still categorized as an endangered species

7. Flatback Sea Turtle http://www.seaturtles.org/pdf/
Flatback.pdf
  The only sea turtle that nests and breeds in only
 one country, Australia.

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